Police administration in India offers enormous career scopes to aspiring candidates. It is one of the most respected professions in the nation. Every year lakhs of students aspire to crack the required exams and join the police force.

In the police service, one is offered with huge respect and other perks while he/ she has to also take a huge responsibility. The profession in the uniform demands huge discipline in the lifestyle and also requires physical fitness.

The provincial governments generally take control of the law and order and police service but the Union Government controls the recruitment of the Indian Police Service posts. Let’s check out all about IPS and SPS.

What is IPS?

Indian Police Service or IPS is the most sought after service of the nation. Every year, a huge number of aspirants prepare and try their luck to crack one of the toughest examinations in India to become an IPS officer.

For many aspirants, becoming an IPS officer is not only a career option but also achieving their service to serve the nation.

Recruitment Process for Indian Police Service:

Candidates who are willing to become an Indian Police Service officer have to appear and get high marks on the civil services exam conducted by the Union Public Services Commission. Officers for services like IPSC, IAS, IRS, IFS etc get selected through this examination.

Eligibility Criteria

Name of the Post Eligibility Recruitment Exam
SP/ ASP Bachelor’s Degree with a lower age limit of 21 years. IPS
Assistant Commissioner or DSP Bachelor’s Degree with a lower age limit of 21 years IPS

To appear on the exam, one has to be at least 21 years. For the upper age, there is relaxation for candidates belonging from SC, ST and OBC background.

The civil service examination is conducted in three parts that are Prelims, Mains and the interview. Candidates have to go through a medical test as well as being able to join IPS.

Unlike any other profession, a job in police administration requires some specific physical attributes like a standard height, chest girth etc.

Also Read : UPSC CSE Cut-off for Prelims and Mains 2019: UPSC Previous Year Cut-off

Other Facts to Know

Not all the IPS officers are recruited through the UPSC examination, some also get promoted to this prestigious rank from State Police Services.

Once a candidate gets recruited for the Indian Police Service, he/ she has to go through a training session. This training is conducted at the Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel National Academy in Hyderabad.

The selected candidate has to give his/ her preference for the zones from the total five zones of cadres. In 2017 August, the Union Government divided the pre-existing 26 cadres into 5 new zones.

Zone I

  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Goa
  • Mizoram
  • Union Territories
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Ladakh
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan and Haryana.

 Zone II

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Odisha

Zone III

  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh


  • West Bengal
  • Sikkim
  • Assam-Meghalaya
  • Manipur
  • Tripura
  • Nagaland.


  • Telangana
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Kerala.

Salary of an Indian Police Service Officer

Rank Time-scale Pay Scale Grade
SP Junior scale ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39,100 ₹ 5,400
Senior scale ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39, 100 ₹ 6,600
Junior Administrative Grade ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39,100 ₹ 7,600
Selection grade ₹ 37,400 – ₹67,000 ₹ 8,700
DIG Super time scale ₹ 37, 400 – ₹ 67,000 ₹ 8,900
IG Super time scale ₹ 37,400 –  ₹ 67,000 ₹ 10,000
ADG Above super time scale ₹ 67, 000 – ₹ 79,000 Nil
DG Above super time scale HAG ₹ 75,500 – ₹ 80,000 (Increment @3%) Nil
₹ 80,000 Fixed Nil

What is SPS?

State Police Service or the SPS is the state governments controlled police service. The states and the union territories of India control this police service. After the completion of the probationary periods, candidates cracking the SPS exam, get posted as Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent Police. After providing satisfactory service in the state police service, one can get nominated for the IPS job role.

The recruitment for this post is usually performed through the State Public Service Commission, in the states of India other than the Union Territories.

Recruitment Process for State Police Service:

The eligibility and the recruitment process varies depending on the various designations under the police administration. Candidates aiming at the state police service, have to crack the recruitment exam conducted by the Staff Selection Commission authority.

Eligibility Criteria

Name of the Post Eligibility Recruitment Exam


Circle Inspector and Sub-Inspector Bachelor’s Degree Staff Selection Commission (SSC)
Assistant Sub-Inspector Head Constable with at least 5-7 years of experience are often promoted as Assistant Sub-Inspector State-Level Recruitment Exam or SSC
Police Head Constable Class 12 State-Level Recruitment Exam
Constable Class 12 and lower age limit is 18, while the upper age limit is 25. State-Level Recruitment Exam

The recruitment for the SSP is done by the Union Public Service Commission via the Civil Services Exam in the Union Territories that is Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

The minimum service duration required for the promotions or for the nomination to IPS depends on the state. This time period and criteria can differ as per different states but it is usually from 8 to 15 years.

There is a provision for time-bound promotion and higher scale. Once an officer gets nominated to the IPS, the Indian Police Service controls the matter regarding the promotion and scale of the officer.

Other Facts to Know

To be eligible to appear in the combined competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Authority, a candidate has to be at least a graduate of at least 21 years old.

The pattern and the syllabi of the UPSC exam is mostly followed by the Staff Selection Commission for the recruitment of SSP. The vacancies differ each year depending upon the yearly changing requirement of the state.

States like Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra usually have a greater requirement for state police every year than states like Sikkim, Haryana, Kerala, North-Eastern states, Himachal, Punjab etc.

Also Read: IAS/ IPS Exam: Which One Should an Aspirant Choose? IAS vs IPS Who is More Powerful?

Ranks of a State Police Officer

After being chosen based upon the marks scored on the competitive examination, a candidate has to go through rigorous training at the probationary period and only after that he/ she gets the post of Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Commissioner of Police.

Rank of Indian State Police Gazetted Officer

  • Additional Superintendent of Police.
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police.

Rank of Non-Gazetted Indian State Police Officer

  • Inspector of Police
  • Assistant if Inspector of Police
  • Sub-inspector of police
  • Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police
  • Police Head Constable
  • Senior Police Constable
  • Police Constable


Hopefully, this article on the information about Indian Police Service and the State Police Service will be helpful enough for you to understand the basic things about these profiles.

Both of these roles hold a very prestigious rank in the nation and have to take a lot of responsibilities. Candidates who are dedicated to becoming an IPS or SPS officer must start preparing for the required examination devotedly from an early stage. Along with preparing for the exam, one must take good care of their health as well because this also plays a huge role in the final recruitment.

So how are you preparing for the examinations? Do let us know by commenting in the box below.

Also Read: How to Read The Newspaper for UPSC? Which Newspaper is Best for UPSC?

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IPS and SPS: Here's Everything You Need to Know
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IPS and SPS: Here's Everything You Need to Know
The police service is brimming with difficulties but gains huge respect from the people of the nation. Here is all you need to know about IPS and SPS, the two respective positions in the police service sector.
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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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