Civil services in UPSC are jobs that are explicitly related to public service and are highly regarded in India. The UPSC conducts Civil Service Exams for positions in the federal government, whereas the PSC in each state fills positions in the state government.

The Civil Services Exam, which is held every year by the UPSC, covers about 24 services. IAS, IFS, and IPS are examples of these services. How many services are there in UPSC? How to prepare for those services? Get all the information below.

How Many Services are There in UPSC?

Are you wondering how many services are there in UPSC? Read the sections below to learn about it.

Indian Administrative Services

These civil servants have a strong voice in both the federal and state governments. These services include vital strategic positions as well as representation of the Union, the State, or any PSU at international organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Indian Foreign Services

After being accepted into the civil service, entrants must complete a comprehensive training programme that provides them with a thorough understanding of diplomatic traits and skills. Officials in the Indian Foreign Services are responsible for representing India’s concerns on international issues both at home and abroad.

Indian Police Services

A preparatory training term is also required of officials in this public service. The Indian Police Services are responsible for maintaining public order, counter-terrorism, VIP security, smuggling, drug smuggling, inquiry, economic crime, and other associated issues.

Indian Revenue Services

On a macro scale, the Indian Revenue Services include functions such as revenue collection, growth, and allocation, as well as security and governance. The officer in charge of this service is in charge of tax administration, as well as the creation and execution of tax and revenue policies, as well as revenue investigations.

Indian Railway Traffic Services

Candidates who are selected for this civil service must complete a Railway Foundation Course as well as specialised training in order to serve the Indian railways in important managerial positions. This service’s executives are in charge of passenger transportation as well as the manufacture and sale of goods and output via rail transportation.

Types of Civil Services in India

Learn more on how many Civil Services in the section below. Here are all the types of Civil Services in India:

Indian Administrative Service.

Indian Foreign Service.

Indian Police Service.

Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.

Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.

Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).

Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.

Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’

Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.

Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.

Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III).

Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”.

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).

UPSC Preparation for IPS and IAS

If you are wondering how to prepare for those services, you must read the sections below carefully.

Learn the Syllabus

You can get the curriculum from any of your friends who have taken the exam or are currently studying for it. You can also conduct a search on various websites and consult the official website. It is safer to go to the official government website.

You can also go to other reputable websites for extensive syllabus information, then write down the syllabus subject by subject and stage by step. The UPSC test is divided into three stages: preliminary, mains, and interview. As a result, you must research the subjects and their syllabuses and record them in the UPSC preparation register.

Also Read: Jagriti Awasthi UPSC Marksheet: Journey of 2020 AIR 2 Who Quit Her Job to Serve the Nation

Robust Plan

After you’ve written down the syllabus for all of your classes, the next crucial step is to create a timetable that will benefit both your preparation and your psychological health.

Many candidates want to include other enjoyable hobbies that take up less than an hour every day. If you do so, there’s a good possibility you’ll become stressed out.

You must take care of your mind, and while we recognise that every moment of your preparation is critical, you must not jeopardise your mental health in the process. You must devote at least 2 hours to mind relaxation in some form.

A Realistic Timetable

Exercise, dance, art, whatever your hobby is, can all be included. You are allowing your mind to keep all of the information in this manner. As a result, make sure to include your two-hour leisure time in the schedule.

Moreover, divide your itinerary according to the curriculum. Determine your strong and weak spots, and alter the amount of time you give to each issue accordingly. You have the option of starting with your vulnerability or with your strength.

Inspiring Biographies

Reading and learning about other people’s biographies is the best approach to see how they prepared for the UPSC exam. Many inspirational IAS officials have provided the authors with their entire journey script to write, allowing fresh candidates to learn from experience and methods. Many IAS officers’ biographies may be found on the internet.

If you’re feeling down about your preparation, read these stories or watch videos of IAS officers to increase your motivation to work harder for what you want to achieve. And we are encouraged to become what other individuals have already achieved when we read or hear about them.

Say Yes to Newspapers

When you learn that world news is a big component of the IAS exam, you can’t really say no to newspapers. You should try to use more than one Hindi and English newspaper if at all possible. However, if you believe that is too much to expect, you might go for the top newspaper recommended to IAS hopefuls. The Hindu is regarded as the best of all newspapers, while the Business Standard is regarded as the best in English.

Previous Year Question Paper

It is necessary to review the previous year’s question papers. These are an excellent approach to learn about the format of the exam, the types of questions that will be asked, and the pattern of the sample papers.

The official UPSC website has the previous year’s exam papers. Also, bear in mind that you must keep yourself up to speed with this government site, and if possible, you must switch on the notification feature for this webpage.


Every person learns and understands in a different way, so employ the finest of those approaches to get all of the knowledge into your skull. If you don’t have any writing experience, it’s recommended that you read and write the main ideas for each topic.

This way, you can remember what you’ve read, and you’ll have notes in your register that you can refer to at any moment, even if you forget a few things. As a result, put in as much practise as you can while taking notes.

Also Read: A Detailed IAS Planner 2022 for Beginners: Guide to Crack the UPSC Civil Services Exam

UPSC Preparation for IFS

Prepare A Suitable TimeTable

Analyze your current situation well in advance of the exam and prepare your timetable accordingly. Last-minute strategies never matter when it comes to civil service tests. Because the civil service tests are held once a year, you’ll have plenty of time to prepare how many days you’ll need for each topic.

Always remember that the slow and steady approach always wins the race. As a result, early preparation is usually preferable to cramming when the examinations are only a month away.

Study And Revision

The wide syllabus of the civil service exam can be perplexing to anyone. As a result, you must schedule your study for a day and a week. You should structure your study approach so that you can read and revise the assigned subjects as many times as feasible or until you are sure of your knowledge.

Focus On Basic Concepts

Because those who want to assist in building a nation through public service must know what it requires to pass these examinations, they should be familiar with the country and recent events.

To be well organised for the exams, you must have a thorough understanding of your nation’s values, society, and language. As a result, preparation does not require you to be a bookworm, but rather a candidate with a practical understanding of his surroundings.

UPSC Services Preparation Book List

Here is our book picks for all the services in UPSC:

NCERTs of History, Geography & Polity Class 8th-12th

India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra

Certificate of Physical Geography by GC Leong

Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth

Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh

The Hindu, Yojana Magazine, Kurukshetra Magazine

Oxford World Atlas

International Relations NCERT XI and XII

Indian Culture- Spectrum

NIOS Course Materials

Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning – RS Agarwal

Quicker Maths by M.Tyra

English Grammar & Composition Wren & Martin

India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra

India After Independence by Bipan Chandra

Ancient India by RS Sharma

History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra

From Plassey To Partition And After by Sekhar Bandyopadhyay

Introduction to Indian Art for Class XI (NCERT)

Geography of India – Majid Hussain

World Geography– Majid Hussain


History: NCERT Class VI – Our Past

History: NCERT Class VII – Our Past -I

History: NCERT Class VIII – Our Past II and III

History: NCERT Class IX – India and the Contemporary World – I

History: NCERT Class X – India and the Contemporary World – II

History: NCERT Class XI – Themes In World History

Art & Culture: NCERT Class XI – An Introduction to Indian Art,

Polity: NCERT Class IX – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – I

Polity: NCERT Class X – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – II

Polity: NCERT Class XI – Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work

Geography: NCERT Class VI – The Earth Our Habitat

Geography: NCERT Class VII – Our Environment

Geography: NCERT Class VIII – Resource and Development

Economy: NCERT Class IX – Economics

Economy: NCERT Class X – Understanding Economic Development

Economy: NCERT Class XI – Indian Economic Development

Biology: NCERT Class XII (Last 4 chapters)

Also Read: UPSC Civil Services Examination 2022: Detailed Registration Process and Syllabus

List of Optional Subjects

S. No Optional Subjects in UPSC
1 Agriculture
2 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
3 Anthropology
4 Botany
5 Chemistry
6 Civil Engineering
7 Commerce & Accountancy
8 Economics
9 Electrical Engineering
10 Geography
11 Geology
12 History
13 Law
14 Management
15 Mathematics
16 Mechanical Engineering
17 Medical Science
18 Philosophy
19 Physics
20 Political Science & International Relations
21 Psychology
22 Public Administration
23 Sociology
24 Statistics
25 Zoology

Literature Optional Subjects

S.No Optional Subjects
1 Assamese
2 Bengali
3 Bodo
4 Dogri
5 Gujarati
6 Hindi
7 Kannada
8 Kashmiri
9 Konkani
10 Maithili
11 Malayalam
12 Manipuri
13 Marathi
14 Nepali
15 Oriya
16 Punjabi
17 Sanskrit
18 Santhali
19 Sindhi
20 Tamil
21 Telugu
22 Urdu

One of the most difficult tests is the UPSC exam. To pass this exam, students must study late into the night in order to fulfil their goals. Every year, almost 8 lakh applicants register for this exam in order to become IAS and IPS officers and serve the nation.

If you believe that paying for tutoring is a waste of money and that self-study is the way to go, then this article will offer you a good notion of where to begin your IPS preparation. If you pay attention to all of the points in the article, you will have a much easier time studying for the exam.

For more informative blogs/articles like this, tune into UPSC Pathshala.

Also Read: IES Eligibility 2022: Here’s the Latest Age Limit, Educational Qualifications

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About the Author

Madhurjya Chowdhury

Madhurjya Chowdhury, a web content writer in Ufaber EduTech has a very strong passion for writing and alluring the readers. You can find him writing articles for the betterment of exam aspirants and children. With immense interest in research-based content writing and copywriting, he likes to reach out to more and more people with his creative writing style. On the other side, he is an Electronics and Communication Engineer from LPU, Jalandhar. In his leisure time, he likes to play badminton or read about space discoveries. Apart from this, he is a pro gamer on PC, PS and Mobile gaming platforms.

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