The initial month of the 21st century’s decade commemorated a different outset for India and one that will be recalled and admired for a long duration to come. This is when India commenced its memorable movement called the “Vaccine Maitri” ambition, which has not just gathered us high praise from remote and large but also illustrated what beneficial prudence in impossible moments looks like.

The country’s vitalities in the pharmaceutical sector are comprehended globally. The country has become the world’s largest generation capability by percentage, the Serum Institute of India, the country also generates the globe’s third-largest volume of medicines. This explains, in large part, why India is called the “pharmacy of the world.” Moreover, India is also the biggest transnational supplier of generic treatments, having a 20% stake in the entire allowance of generic medications in terms of percentage.

Vaccine Maitri Initiative

Vaccine Maitri or as per the English translation known termed as ‘Vaccine Friendship’ is a humanitarian drive embarked by the Indian administration to furnish COVID-19 antiviral injections to nations around the globe. Indian administration has commenced delivering injections since January 20, 2021. On 9 April 2021, the nation amassed distributed around 64.5 million portions of vaccines to 85 countries. Of these, 10.5 million amounts were given to 45 countries by the Administration of India. The remaining 54 million were supplied by the Serum Institute of India under its marketable and COVAX responsibilities.

Nations that obtained doses of the Indian-made Covishield and Covaxin as of 6 March 2021 Oxford AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine (Indian version) 2021 L.jpeg

While speaking at the UN General Assembly high-level council on the mortal rights circumstance in Syria, India promised to support the United Nations to immunize Syria through the Vaccine Maitri policy, as Syria is encountering a fatal situation mixed with COVID-19, winterisation and food insecurity. 200,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccines were granted by the country to the UN peacekeepers on March 27 to be circulated to all noble missions.

Vaccines from India


On 2 January 2021, BBV152 (marketed as Covaxin), the first Indian vaccine, formulated by Bharat Biotech in federation with the Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Virology obtained authorization from the Drug Controller General of India for its catastrophe or dependent procedure. However, this authorization was fulfilled with some problems as the vaccine had not then completed phase-3 examinations. Again On 3 March 2021, Bharat Biotech declared openly that provisional results of covaxin showed 81% potency. The trial was administered to 25,800 citizens in India.


On 1 January 2021, the Drug Controller General of India, authorized the catastrophe or dependent use of Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine. Covishield is formulated by the University of Oxford and its spin-out organization, Vaccitech. It’s a viral vector established on replication-deficient Adenovirus that affects cold in Chimpanzees. It can be stocked, transferred and controlled under normal refrigerated circumstances (two-eight degrees Celsius/ 36-46 degrees Fahrenheit). It retains a shelf-life of limited six months.

Thing to Know about Vaccine Maitri for UPSC Aspirants

Aspirants readying for the IAS Exam can anticipate topics based on coronavirus, its vaccines, consequences, etc. In the GS-2 and GS-3 paper under Government Policies, welfare strategies, science and technology, and Indian accomplishments part of the paper, a category question that can be asked.

In the shortly developing global geopolitical landscape, the treatment and corroborating efforts by India through the ‘Vaccine Maitri’ initiative will have a huge impact in promoting harmony, protection, partnership and abundance in the region and the world.

Also Read: UPSC Interview Postponed: A Change in the Dates of the Interview/ Personality Exam

Vaccine Maitri Countries

The country kicked off the multinational cargo of the vaccines on 20 January 2021, just after four days of commencing its vaccination policy. Bhutan and Maldives were the primary countries to obtain injections as a donation by India. It is promptly pursued by baggage to Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Seychelles. On 15th March 2021, India has provided further than eight million doses to 37 countries all over the planet.

The country is also providing vaccines for a marketable purpose to countries like Canada, the UK, Saudi Arabia, etc. Serum Institute of India has been determined to be one of the crucial suppliers to the COVAX endeavour to provide cost-effective COVID-19 vaccines. Numerous million portions of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 have been replenished by India to numerous countries through the COVAX drive.

Vaccine Inequity

Heads of administrations of component nations communicated their disappointment and deep scepticism about the inequitable entry to antiviral injections for small regions like those of the Caribbean neighbourhood at a recent global conference.

“The heads also noted that, to date, even countries with the funds to purchase have been unable to procure and receive vaccines through commercial arrangements. In this regard, they have called for a mechanism that allows smaller countries to have access to sufficient vaccines at the earliest juncture if action is to be put behind the oft-repeated phrase that no one is safe until everyone is safe,” St Lucia’s representation pointed out.

“We also implore all countries to work on improving trade logistics to enhance the timely delivery and access to vaccines,” the representation added.


While the consequence of India-made anti-Covid-19 vaccines entering the isolated corners of the planet is substantial in substantial duration, the prudence that goes backwards such enormous enterprises often gets neglected. This is where the “Vaccine Maitri” ambition gains significance as it settles the country and its impact emerges as an accountable global capability, in the limelight of international politics amidst a widespread health pandemic.

Moreover the extensive benevolence and sensitive poundage it gives rise to, the movement also establishes a great illustration for the country’s future arrangements with the world where it can put up with an administration role while preventing the geopolitical tides that otherwise fracture international enterprises.

Hoping this article has provided all the information that you had expected. UPSC aspirants all the best and stay tuned on UPSC pathshala for more information. It is our responsibility to stay safe during this crisis and we will do it. We need collaborations and understanding because we all are together as a world and we will fight this.

Also Read: UPSC Revised Calendar 2021: COVID Effects on UPSC Examination

Content Protection by
Vaccine Maitri Initiative: Must-Know Facts for the Upcoming UPSC Exam about the Initiative
Article Name
Vaccine Maitri Initiative: Must-Know Facts for the Upcoming UPSC Exam about the Initiative
Want to know what the Vaccine Maitri Initiative is? Want to know what is the effect of covid on UPSC? Know about the vaccine Maitri countries? Just one click here for the entire information.
Publisher Name
UPSC Pathshala
Publisher Logo

About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

View All Articles