Endogenic is considered to be one of the crucial topics under the Geography for UPSC that IAS aspirants should cover.  What are endogenic forces? How would you define endogenic forces? The forces coming from inside the earth are called endogenous forces. Endogenic forces sometimes cause rapid movements. And at other times it produces slow movements. Suddenly, Movements such as earthquakes and volcanoes cause mass devastation on the earth’s surface.

These forces cause two kinds of movements in the earth, for example, horizontal movements and vertical movements. These endogenic movements create different types of vertical disturbances which give rise to multiple varieties of relief features on the surface of the earth. Examples of endogenic forces are mountains, plains, plateaux, etc.

How would You Describe Exogenic Forces?

Exogenic refers to external processes and phenomena that exist on or near the surface of the earth. The asteroid and meteoric effects, the tidal force of the moon, and the sun’s radiation are all exogenous.

Key Differences Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces

Endogenic Forces Exogenic Forces
These are the internal forces that reside deep within the Planet. These are external forces that operate and react on the earth’s surface.
These forces are also known as constructive forces, as they provide relief effects on the Earth’s surface. These forces are also known as destructive forces, as they often result in the loss of existing types of land by weathering and erosion.
Examples include volcanic eruptions, earthquakes. Examples include glaciers, rivers, winds.

Also Read: Why to Choose Geography as an Optional Subject for UPSC

Tips to Improve Your Geography

  1. Take the help of an atlas when learning geography. Using the graphic representation of maps to determine the positions of coasts, counties, etc.
  2. Although it is rooted in the arts and humanities, geography is mainly a science. You must therefore plan for it like any other science subject; which means that one must always look at the ‘whys and hows’ of a definition. There is always a reason behind every kind of response. It is, therefore, necessary to research the explanation for this.
  3. The first chapters of the topic concern the fundamentals of the topic. You must have a detailed knowledge of the basics of geography. If you give some time to carefully learn and evaluate these concepts, you will ace geography.
  4. If the environment is undergoing a marked change or something happens in the world in connection to geography, then it is obvious that you need to prepare that specific issue extremely well.


Geography is an essential paper for UPSC prelims and mains. Many candidates find this topic fascinating because of its conceptual and realistic approach to the world. But do not just hop onto studying anything you find on geography. Each year there are usually 20-25 questions asked on geography so make sure you give enough time and dedication and choose your resources wisely.

Also read: Checkout the Entire Geography Syllabus

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What are the Endogenic Forces? Geography’s Most Important Topic for IAS
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What are the Endogenic Forces? Geography’s Most Important Topic for IAS
How to answer this geography question what are Endogenic Forces? Tips to improve your Geography section for IAS. 20-25 questions on Geography UPSC every year.
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UPSC Pathshala
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