Aspirants must have knowledge and awareness of each sphere in order to pass the UPSC exam. All updates from various fields should be kept in mind by the candidates. This is critical since you want to be an IAS officer, and if you want to serve your country, you need to understand the society’s benefits and drawbacks. You can only intend to work on issues to raise society and offer a good living for people if you are aware of the hurdles.
In this article, we will help you make the UPSC notes for the trending topic: Anti Dumping Duty in India.
Anti Dumping Duty in India
To protect local manufacturers from low-cost imports from China, India has levied anti-dumping duties on Chinese products (5 products), such as certain aluminium goods and other chemicals, for a period of five years.
The responsibilities have been levied on certain plain rolled aluminium products; sodium hydrosulphite (used in the dyeing process); silicone sealant (used in the manufacturing process of solar photovoltaic panels and thermal power implementations); hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) component R-32; and hydrofluorocarbon mixtures, as per separate notifications from the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC).
Following suggestions from the Commerce Ministry’s investigation arm, the Directorate General of Trade Remedies, these charges were imposed.
In separate investigations, the DGTR found that these products were exported at a price below their usual value in Indian markets, resulting in dumping.
What is Anti Dumping Duty? Anti Dumping Duty Meaning
Anti-dumping duty is a levy placed on imports from other nations that are priced lower than the fair market value of equivalent items in the domestic market. When the government considers that foreign goods are being “dumped” in the home market due to low prices, it levies anti-dumping duties.
Anti-dumping duties are implemented to safeguard local firms and markets against foreign goods that compete unfairly. The tariff is calculated by dividing the difference between the acquiring country’s regular cost of products and the market value of equivalent goods in the country of export or other nations that produce similar products.
The anti-dumping duty might range anywhere from 0% to 550 percent of the items’ invoice value.
Anti Dumping Duty in India Objective
After conducting an investigation, the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) advised imposing duties on “copper and copper alloy flat-rolled items” from China, Nepal, Korea, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Thailand in April.
The Ministry of Finance, on the other hand, makes the final decision to impose these duties and releases a notification to that effect.
Imposition of sanctions Anti-dumping duty is a tariff imposed to correct the situation created by the dumping of products and the resulting trade distortion.
Anti-dumping tariffs can restrict the international rivalry of domestic enterprises producing similar items in the long run.
It’s a levy imposed by a domestic government on foreign goods that it deems are priced under fair market value.
The World Trade Organisation allows anti-dumping procedures to be used as a tool for fair competition.
Anti Dumping Duty in India Versus Countervailing Duties
Countervailing Duty is a customs duty on products that have acquired government subsidies in the generating or exporting nation
Anti Dumping Duty is a customs duty on products that have acquired government subsidies in the generating or exporting nation.
Anti-Dumping Duty Products
Flat rolled products of aluminium;
Sodium hydrosulphite (used in dye industry);
Silicone sealant (used in manufacturing of solar photovoltaic modules, and thermal power applications);
Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) component R-32; and
Hydrofluorocarbon blends (both have uses in the refrigeration industry).
Let us first define dumping in order to comprehend anti-dumping duties.
Dumping is defined as when a country exports commodities to another country at a lower price than their regular value.
Dumping is an illegal trade activity that can cause international trade to be distorted.
As a result, anti-dumping is a measure to correct the situation that arises from the dumping of products and its trade distortive impact.
As a result, the goal of anti-dumping duty is to correct dumping’s trade distortive effect and restore fair trade.
Anti-dumping does not imply that imports are inexpensive or low-cost. Dumping refers to low-cost imports in a relative sense (in comparison to the typical value), not in an immediate sense.
Anti-Dumping Duty and the WTO
Anti-dumping actions are regulated by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The World Trade Organization (WTO) does not have the authority to oversee companies accused of dumping, but it does have the authority to control how governments respond to dumping in their territory.
Some governments retaliate forcefully when foreign corporations engage in dumping activities by imposing hefty anti-dumping tariffs on foreign imports, and the WTO may intervene to decide if the acts are legitimate or violate the WTO’s free-market principles.
Dumping is permitted under the WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement until it threatens to create significant injury in the home market of the importing country. In addition, the organisation forbids dumping when it creates a considerable delay in the home market.
Calculating the Anti-Dumping Duty
The WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement permits nations to act without discriminating between trading partners and to calculate duties in accordance with the DATT 1994 concept.
The GATT 1994 principle establishes a set of rules to control trade between WTO parties. It stipulates that imported items should not be exposed to higher internal taxes than domestic goods.
It also mandates that imported products be treated equally to domestic commodities in terms of domestic rules and regulations. It does, however, give the government the authority to levy a tariff on foreign imports that exceed the fixed rates and try to harm the home market.
For UPSC preparation, it is critical to keep up with current events in the country. To help you prepare for the exam, you should write down the main facts presented in the article. To answer questions successfully, you should review such important spheres before the examination.
If you’re preparing for the UPSC, you must also go to the UPSC Pathshala webpage for the finest advice and mentorship through a variety of materials and high-quality video tutorials produced by specialists.