Interest groups are organizations of people or groups that, based on one or more shared interests, attempt to put an impact on public policy in its benefits generally by lobbying partners of the government. Interest groups influence on policy formation is not an unethical or unlawful practice per se, but a crucial component of the decision-making procedure.

Still, disproportionate and obscure interest group impact might direct to organizational corruption, undue impact, and state capture, benefiting specific interest groups at the cost of public interest. Read on to learn more about how do interest groups influence public policy in India.

Also Read: Are Pressure Groups and Interest Groups the Same? Here’s What You Should Know about the Differences

Interest Groups Influence Public Policy

Clarity is fundamental to make sure that policy-makers don’t provide preferential treatment to particular interest groups. Restrictions on lobbying, dispute of interest, competition, disclosure, asset, as well as, on the liberation of information are among the broad spectrum of regulations accepted by nations all over the world to improve transparency and accountability while making decisions.

For examples of measures accepted by East and South-East Asian nations to improve clarity and responsibility and prevent unnecessary influence and other types of fraud, and fairest examples on legislating lobbying, concentrating on Canada, the European Union and the United States.

How Do Interest Groups Influence Public Policy in India?

Interest groups acquire a position of importance in the procedure of policy-making. These play a crucial part in each political setup. The current age is an age of competitors and many interest groups are in the projects in varied domains. For receiving the desired ends, which enhance their base, the interest groups can’t take the problems at hand in a non-serious way.

They vigorously make actions in the paths they have maintained before them. An organised interest group contends to symbolize not just those who are potentially its partners, but moreover all those who by some familiar traits, go along with the ends followed by the groups.

Influence Policy Formation

The politics which don’t have powerful party networks are subject to additional immediate influence on policy-making by the interest groups. Because of the absence of effective and efficient organised political groups, interest groups play a prominent and explicit part in legislative events. As there is no powerful political party to defeat their influence.

On the other hand, in politics that have powerful, cohesive and efficient parties, the interest groups are inclined to be more multiple and effective. Their influence on policy implementation gets screened and is also accountable to restrictions in line with the parties’ interests, principles, and programmes. That’s how interest groups influence public policy in India.

Interest Groups In India

An organization of individuals drawn or acting jointly in support of mutual interest or to convey a common interest: Political interest groups strive to impact regulation. Special interest groups in India or interest groups in India are an organization of people or groups that, based on one or more shared problems, try to impact public policy to its benefit commonly by lobbying partners of the administration.

Names of Interest Groups in India

Mentioned below are the names of interest groups in India:

Names of Interest Groups in India
Narmada Bachao Andolan(NBA)
Confederation of Indian Industry(CII)
Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)
All India Kishan Sabha (AIKS)
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)

Nowadays’ interest groups utilize the platform of social media for creating their opinions in public and to gain their support. They circulate information and statistics for the benefit of their claims. Still, occasionally they might even resort to illegitimate and unlawful techniques like bribes, riots or even strikes. In India, the interest groups are relying more on norms of straightforward action like chakka jam, hunger strikes, demonstrations etc.

Also Read: What are Pressure Groups in India? Everything You Need to Know for Your UPSC Preparations

Category of Interest Group

Interest groups can be categorized according to their motivation:

#Economic Interest groups, comprising individual associations and enterprise organisations

#Professional interest groups, comprising professional groups like farmers and trade unions

#Public interest groups, environmental groups, including human rights groups, among other stuff.

Interest Groups’ Strategies and Tactics

Interest groups’ techniques and moves the Interest groups might promptly, or indirectly through advisers (the professional lobbyists) seek to influence legislative action. These undertakings to affect policy-making might occur through various mechanisms, encompassing explicit communication with administration officials, participation in social hearings, formulating statements to partners of the government on certain policy problems, as well as through media statements.

Such groups might as well have various types of reserves to affect policy-making, like expertise on policy problems, campaign funding, data on the viewpoint of other policy-makers.

Also Read: How do Pressure Groups and Movements Strengthen Democracy? What are Pressure Groups?

Interest Groups Effect

Interest groups’ effect on policymaking is not an unethical or unlawful action per se, but a pivotal element of the decision-making procedure. However, the benefits and drawbacks of interest group influence will be based on how much leverage such interest groups have as well as on how leverage is allocated among them.

A disproportionate impact of business groups, for example, can lead to unnecessary influence or even state capture. In this case, the connection between policy-makers and interest groups walk a fine moral line that segregates participatory democracy from unnecessary influence.

Important Facts for UPSC Notes

The candidates should make UPSC notes precisely as it will help them to understand the topic more clearly when they revise it and when you collect all the notes in one place it becomes easier for you to study rather than researching it again. Keep different notebooks for every subject, maintain notes appropriately.

The initial crucial thing to do for helpful note-making is maintaining different notebooks for each subject or topic. If not different notebooks, one should at least keep a book with divisions for distinct subjects. When you write down the notes you automatically tend to understand more clearly, after reading the topic. So try to make notes after each topic you study.


Interest groups have several objectives. Their objectives might be concentrated on shared issues. Groups utilize a range of moves to try to attain their objectives, comprising promotional stunts, lobbying, polling, publicity campaigns, policy sessions and research.

Few groups are sponsored or financed by strong enterprises and practice crucial custody over the political procedure, while the rest have limited or no such tools.

The main motive of all these groups are the same, that is to bring a difference in society and do good for the citizens or community. For more details check the website UPSC Pathshala.

Also Read: Interest Groups in India: Why are Self-help Groups Formed?

Content Protection by
How do Interest Groups Influence Public Policy in India? Here’s All You need for UPSC Notes
Article Name
How do Interest Groups Influence Public Policy in India? Here’s All You need for UPSC Notes
A group that uses several aspects of advocacy to influence public viewpoint or policy is known as the Interest group for the betterment of citizens. Read on to learn more about Interest groups.
Publisher Name
UPSC Pathshala
Publisher Logo

About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

View All Articles