Science and Technology is part of General Studies in UPSC prelims. Many questions are asked every year on this topic. That is why this is one of the most important subjects for the UPSC IAS exam.  The is very not very vast as compared to History and Geography and is easy to study, especially for candidates who have a background in science or engineering. In this article you will be recommended some of the best books for Science and Technology. Read this article till the end to know UPSC study material for this subject and more.

Science and Technology Books

Some of the best books for Science and Technology are:

  • Science & Technology for Civil Services Exams
  • Science and Technology in India – Kalpana Rajaram – Spectrum
  • General Science For Civil Services Preliminary Examinations – S.A.Majid
  • 1000 Plus Questions on General Science – TMH
  • NCERT books for standards IX, X, XI, XII

Some Additional books for UPSC CSE General Science are:

  • Objective General Science – Expert Compilations
  • UPSC Portal General Science MCQs 1000+Q

Science and Technology Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus for this subject can be divided into three parts:

  1. General Science (Physics, Chemistry, Maths)
  2. Technology (IT, Defence Technology, Space Technology, NanoTechnology, Robotics)
  3. Government Policies on Science and Technology

The Syllabus for General Science is :

  • The Big Bang Theory
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Fermions and Bosons
  • Four Fundamental Forces of Nature
  • Dark Matter
  • Negative Matter
  • Higgs Boson
  • Gravitational Waves
  • REE (rare Earth Element
  • FRP Composite Material & Applications
  • Atoms & Molecules
  • Elements
  • Compounds & Mixtures
  • Basics of Nuclear Chemistry
  • Viral Diseases
  • Microbes
  • Cells – Plants vs Animals
  • Proteins, Amino Acids, Enzymes
  • Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
  • Fats | Healthy Fats and Unhealthy Fats
  • Human Digestive System, Respiratory System
  • Human Neural System | Human Brain
  • Muscular and Skeletal System
  • DNA and RNA
  • Mitosis & Meiosis

Also Read:11 IAS Preparation Tips for Beginners: How to Start from Ground Zero?

UPSC Syllabus for Technology
Information Technology
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • IoT
  • Blockchain Technology
  • Automation
  • Net Neutrality3
  • Cyber Viruses
  • Genetically Modified Crops
  • Antimicrobial REsistance
  • Gene Editing
  • Genome India Project
Space Technology
  • ISRO
  • GSLV
  • GSAT
  • Scramjet Engine
  • Cryogenic Technology
  • Mars Orbit
  • Chandrayaan 1 & 2
  • Defence Technology
  • Ballistic Missile
  • iDEX initiative
  • “Indradhanush” exercise
  • Apache Helicopters
  • NAVARMS-19
  • BrahMos Missile
Government Policies for Science and Technology
  • Scientific Policy Resolution (SPR1958),
  • Technology Policy Statement 1983 (SPR1958),
  • Science and Technology Policy 2003 (STP2003), and
  • Science Technology Innovation Policy 2013

Books for Other Subjects for UPSC Prelims

  • History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra
  • ‘A Brief History of Modern India’ by Spectrum
  • ‘Concise History of Modern India’ by Sujata Menon
  • Facets of Indian Culture By Spectrum
  • .Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
  • ‘Ancient India’ by RS Sharma
  •   Old NCERT books
  •  Physical Geography by Goh Cheng Leong
  •   For Maps Oxford School Atlas
Indian Polity
  • Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
  • An Introduction to the Constitution of India by D. D. Basu
  • The Constitution of India by P. M. Bakshi
  • Old NCERT books for Indian Polity
  • Class 11 and Class 12 NCERTs
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Indian Economy by Mishra and Puri
  • Current Economic Survey
Environment and Ecology
  • NIOS Study Material for Environmental Studies 
  • Newspaper
Current Affairs

1.Newspaper (Good Newspapers like The Hindu, Economics times etc.)

Some Tips to Prepare for Science and Technology

This subject would be very easy to study for the candidates who choose science after 10th standard. Go through NCERT once and move to reference books as soon as possible. Keep in mind the paper for IAS prelims has been designed in such a way so that candidates for every stream can attempt. Therefore just go through the basics, a deep study is not required of this subject or in any subject.

For those who are not from a technical background, read NCERT thoroughly. Make sure that you understand everything written in the NCERT and then only move on to read other scores.

Candidates from Humanities background can skip the portion of physics and chemistry because not many questions are asked on these topics. Focus more on biology and recent development in the science field.

Each candidate should be updated with recent discoveries and breakthroughs in the field of science and technology.


It is an easy subject to study. Not much mugging up is required.  This can be actually a scoring subject for you if the preparation is done right.  The syllabus for this subject and be divided into three-parts. Prepare each topic part wise.

Candidates from the  Humanities background can skip the portion of physics and chemistry. Their focus should be more on understanding biology.

Every candidate should be updated with the latest discovery and developments in the field of Science and Technology for the UPSC IAS prelims exam.

All the best for your preparations!

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