Indian Polity Notes for UPSC 2021: Know How to Make Indian Polity Notes for UPSC
Every year in UPSC prelims, 13 to 20 polity questions are asked. This is a very decent range for a subject in the UPSC exam. That is why it is important for you to study polity properly. One of the most effective and organized ways of studying is by making notes. In this article, we will discuss how to make good Indian Polity notes for UPSC. Read the article till the end to know about the Polity syllabus for mains and prelims and more.
Indian Polity Notes for UPSC
Here are a few steps you should follow for making quality notes:
- The first step should be just focused on understanding the basic concepts. Don’t get frustrated if you are understanding some concepts. Just get familiar with the subject.
- During the second read, you should start inter-relating the chapters. Understand the chronology of the chapters and make a relation between them.
- Make mind maps, tables, and as many of the visual representations of the information as possible.
- While making notes write down only the keywords. Don’t write the whole thing.
- After you are done with making notes from the standard reference book. Now co-relate your learning with current affairs and make separate notes for polity current affairs. This will help in answer writing for mains as well as in essay writing topics.
- Once you are done with note-making, now revise them on a consistent basis. The more you revise, the more it will help during the actual exam.
Polity Syllabus for UPSC 2021
Let us understand the topics one by one.
Terms in the Preamble
Swaran Singh committee
2. Constitution of India
Drafting committee and making scheme of the Constitution
Influence of other constitutions
Its salient features
Union and its Territory (Basic idea about Article 1-4, Federal nature, State reorganization and different Commissions, Recent issues)
Basic idea about Article 5-11
PIO, NRI, OCI, and Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
Citizenship Amendment Act of 2016
Schemes, new policies, and recent changes in voting.
4. Fundamental Rights
Basic idea about Article 12-35
44th amendment act
Different types of Writs
Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
Recent issues related to FR
5. Fundamental Duties
Difference between FR and FD
Significance and Criticism
Enforcement of FD’s
Recent issues about FD
Basic idea about Articles related to Role and functions of the Parliament
Motions, Sessions, Parliamentary procedure – Zero Hour, Summoning, Prorogation, and Joint sitting.
Parliamentary proceedings like Adjournment Motion, and Question Hour etc.
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
Special powers of Rajya Sabha
Anti-defection law and 10th schedule
Bill and law-making procedure
Budget, funds and it is summary
Basic idea about the judiciary.
Powers of High Court and Supreme court
Qualification and appointment
Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.
8. Constitutional Bodies
National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
Composition, Powers and Functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies
Basic idea about Article 52-73
Qualification and Election of President and vice-president
Function and Powers of the president- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
Prime minister and council of minister
Resignation and impeachment of the president
Role and responsibilities of Prime minister, Cabinet ministers, Council of Minister.
Resignation and Removal of vice president
Powers and Functions of Council of ministers
10. Directive Principles of State Policy
Article 36-51 and Article 368
Sources and key features of DPSP
Classification of DPSP
Comparison or conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
Keshavananda Bharathi, Golaknath Case, Minerva Mills, Maneka Gandhi case.
Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment
11. Emergency Provisions
National emergency- Article 352
President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
Financial emergency- Article 360
44th amendment act
Effects and implications of emergency
Role of President in emergency time
The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
12. State Government- State Executive
Governor- appointment, and special powers.
Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary powers of the governor
7th constitutional amendment
Chief Minister and the council of ministers
Power of chief minister
13. State Legislature
State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to powers, composition, and functions.
Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
Indian Polity Books
Best books for polity are:
- Indian Polity by M.Laxmikant
- Our Parliament for Polity by Subhash Kashyap
- Introduction to the Constitution of India for Polity by Durga Das Basu
Indian Polity is a scoring subject. But the syllabus to cover is very vast. Therefore proper planning is required to study the subject. If you follow the above steps, it will be easier for you to understand the concepts and retain them in your memory for a long time.
So, how are you preparing for UPSC 2021? Let us know in the comment section.