Puzzle questions of the reasoning ability section are an important part of the Bank Probationary Officer examinations that are conducted every year in the nation. In the exam, there are 2 questions minimum based on puzzles and they are followed by subparts. So, if an aspirant can correctly solve even 1 puzzle in the reasoning section, he/she can easily attain a minimum of 4-5 marks.

As the competition is increasing, the level of competitive examinations is also increasing. A major portion of the reasoning section is covered by tricky puzzle questions. So, to help the aspirants effectively solve the puzzle questions, we have provided a few examples which will help you understand the part.

### What are Puzzle Questions?

Puzzle questions are basically questions that check your logical reasoning ability, intellect, awareness and common sense. In the question, you will be provided with some information/ directions about a specific order or arrangement and you are expected to answer the exact order or arrangement based on hidden information, facts and clues. Accordingly, you will be given the scores. For every incorrect answer, your marks will be deducted.

### Importance of Puzzle in the Bank PO Exam

# In every Bank PO examination, you will get 3 to 5 puzzle questions with varying levels of difficulty.

# With understanding, proper practice, and a problem-solving attitude, you will slowly acquire the solving puzzles habit.

# Many aspirants are not good enough in this section and usually skip this section because of that reason. But you should keep in mind, you can’t just avoid the whole section of the puzzle.

# Somehow, you have to solve 70% of the puzzle questions asked in the examination if you want to secure good marks in the examination.

## Puzzle Questions for Bank PO

Given below are some examples of puzzle questions for Bank PO

### Directions Sample One: Bank PO Questions

Read the given data properly to answer the following Bank PO questions:

Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H have their birthdays in different months of the year viz. January, April, May and July, such that not more than two persons have their birthdays in the same months. All the birthdays are either on the 14th or 23rd of the month. No two persons have their birthdays on the same day of the same month. The following information is also known about them.

F does not have a birthday in May. E wasn’t born in July.

H’s birthday is immediately after B’s. E celebrates his birthday before B.

The number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of G and H is equal to the number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of B and D.

D was born in July.

Birthdays of both E and B are in the same month. There are three birthdays between the birthdays of F and C.

### Question 1

Who among the following were born in the same month?

# A. A and D

# B. B and C

# C. C and F

# D. D and G

# E. None of these

Solution: Correct Option- A. A and D

Explanation- A and D were born in the same month. Option A, is hence the correct answer.

#### Common Explanation (Sample 1)

Given below is the common explanation for all the questions related to the above-given information. So go through it properly and understand how to solve the questions.

#### Reference

# D was born in July.

# E’s birthday is before B.

# E wasn’t born in July. Birthdays of both E and B # are in the same month.

#### Inference

Therefore, both E and B may have their birthdays in January, April or May.

 Month Day Person January 14th [E] January 23rd [B] April 14th [E] April 23rd [B] May 14th [E] May 23rd [B] July 14th [D] July 23rd [D]

#### Reference

H’s birthday is immediately after B’s.

The number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of G and H is equal to the number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of B and D.

#### Inference

If B’s birthday is on 23rd May or on 23rd January, then as shown in figure, the condition of the equal no. of birthdays between G and H, and B and D won’t be met.(refer to the below table)

 Month Day Person January 14th January 23rd April 14th April 23rd May 14th E May 23rd B July 14th H July 23rd D

 Month Day Person January 14th E January 23rd B April 14th H April 23rd May 14th May 23rd July 14th July 23rd D

Therefore, B and E have their birthdays in April as shown below.

 Month Day Person January 14th January 23rd April 14th E April 23rd B May 14th H May 23rd July 14th [D] July 23rd [D]

#### Reference

The number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of G and H is equal to the number of persons who have their birthdays between the birthdays of B and D.

F does not have a birthday in May.

There are three birthdays between the birthdays of F and C.

#### Inference

Now there are two possible dates for D’s birthday, that is, 14th July and 23rd July.

First let us assume D’s birthday on 14th July-

 Month Day Person January 14th January 23rd G April 14th E April 23rd B May 14th H May 23rd July 14th D July 23rd

But, the condition that there are three birthdays between the birthdays of F and C wouldn’t be met in the above arrangement.

Therefore, assuming D’s birthday is on 23rd July and redrawing the table, we get-

 Month Day Person January 14th G January 23rd F April 14th E April 23rd B May 14th H May 23rd C July 14th July 23rd D

#### Final table

After filling out the vacant position with the remaining person ‘A’ we get our final table as follows-.

 Month Day Person January 14th G January 23rd F April 14th E April 23rd B May 14th H May 23rd C July 14th A July 23rd D

### Question 2

Who was born on 23rd July?

# A. A

# B. B

# C. C

# D. D

# E. None of these

Solution: Correct Option- D. D

Explanation-  D was born on 23rd July.

Option D, is hence the correct answer.

### Question 3

Which of the following Birthday – Person combinations is correct?

# A. January 23rd – G

# B. April 14th – E

# C. May 23rd – H

# D. July 14th – C

# E. None of these

Solution: Correct Option- B. April 14th-E

Explanation- E was born on 14th of April.

Option B, is hence the correct answer.

### Directions Sample 2: Bank PO Questions

Read the given data properly to answer the following Bank PO questions:

Seven boxes of different colours – Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Cyan, Blue and Indigo are kept one above the other, but not necessarily in the same order. Each box is given a different number viz. 101,121,151,191,231,221 and 225, but not necessarily in the same order.

Only three boxes are kept between the Indigo coloured box and box number 221. Only two boxes are kept between the Indigo coloured box and the Orange coloured box. Orange coloured box is kept somewhere below box number 221. Only one box is kept between Orange coloured box and the box number 121.

Cyan coloured box is kept immediately below the box number 225. Cyan coloured box is kept at one of the positions above box number 221. There  is only one box between the Cyan coloured box and the box the number given to which is less than that given to the Cyan coloured box. The number given to the Cyan coloured box is neither 191 nor 231. Only two boxes are kept between box number 151 and Blue coloured box.

The difference between the Blue coloured box number and the box number which is immediately below it is less than 80. Yellow coloured box is not the topmost box. The yellow coloured box number is not 121. Only two boxes are kept between the Yellow coloured box and Red colour box.

### Question 1

Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which of the following does not belong to the group?

# A. Orange colour box-121

# B. Yellow colour box-191

# C. Cyan colour box-101

# D. Green colour box-221

# E. Red colour box-231

Solution: Correct Option- E. Red colour box-231

Explanation-

We can observe that Except for Red colour box-231, in all other pairs one box is placed between them. Hence, option E is correct.

#### Common Explanation (Sample 2)

Given below is the common explanation for all the questions related to the above-given information. So go through it properly and understand how to solve the questions.

#### References

# Only three boxes are kept between the Indigo coloured box and box number 221

# Only two boxes are kept between Indigo coloured box and Orange coloured box

# Orange coloured box is kept somewhere below box number 221

# Cyan coloured box is kept immediately below the box number 225

# Cyan coloured box is kept at one of the positions above box number 221

 7 225 6 Cyan 5 221 4 Orange 3 2 1 Indigo

#### References

# Only two boxes are kept between box number 151 and Blue coloured box

# Yellow coloured box is not the topmost box

# Yellow coloured box number is not 121

# Only two boxes are kept between the Yellow coloured box and the Red colour box

# Only one box is kept between Orange coloured box and box number 121

 7 225 6 151 Cyan 5 221 Yellow 4 Orange 3 Blue 2 121 Red 1 Indigo

#### References

There is only one box between the Cyan coloured box and the box the number given to which is less than that given to the Cyan coloured box. The difference between Blue coloured box and the box immediately below it is less than 80.

 7 225 Green 6 151 Cyan 5 221 Yellow 4 101 Orange 3 191 Blue 2 121 Red 1 231 Indigo

### Question 2

What is the position of the Green colour box in the given stack of boxes?

# A. Fourth from the top

# B. Fifth from the bottom

# C. First from the top

# D. Second from the bottom

# E. Third from the bottom

Solution: Correct Option- C. First from the top

### Question 3

Which of the following boxes is numbered 231?

# A. Red colour box

# B. Blue colour box

# C. Orange colour box

# D. Indigo colour box

# E. Green colour box

Solution: Correct Option- D. Indigo colour box

### Bank PO Preparation

You require experts’ help for bank PO preparation. Because puzzle questions are very complex and if you don’t understand the method of doing it properly you might lose your marks on such questions. You can practice a lot to improve your skills.

Avoid assuming the answers, be sure about the answers rather than gaining negative marks. Try to take expert assistance for the section. To clear your doubts and get better and effective ideas to solve puzzle questions. Try mock tests so that you know what you are capable of and which portion requires more focus.

#### Online Bank PO Classes

If you have no clue about how to solve puzzle questions then you better join online Bank PO classes. This section requires a lot of time to understand and you will waste your time if you are not following the correct methods of doing it. So before it gets too late to start your preparation, join UPSC Pathshala, one of the top-ranking online coaching.

You will be guided by trained mentors who will clear every doubt of yours and will make sure you are clear with all the concepts. They will teach you all the time-saving methods to solve the puzzle questions so that you can attempt all the questions. Everything will be provided to you so that you don’t have to worry and you can just simply concentrate on your preparation.

##### Conclusion

In the above article, we discussed how you can solve the puzzle questions with the help of examples. Hopefully, it helps you understand the concept in a better way. For more puzzles related questions or any other competitive exam questions, you can join UPSC Pathshala. There you will be updated with all the exam-related notifications so that you don’t miss out on any important dates. Hurry up and join now.

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Puzzle Questions for Bank PO: Worried about the Trickiest Part of the Bank PO Examination?
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If you don't have much knowledge about puzzle questions, then this section will be the trickiest part for you. So to help you we came up with some examples that help you understand the topic in a much better way. Read on to learn more.
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UPSC Pathshala
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