Are you here in search of the S-400 missile system UPSC? Do you want to gather all the information? If yes, let’s go ahead and read this article till the end. The S-400 missile is Russian for Triumph Missile System. This missile system is an anti-aircraft missile defence system. It is developed by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau and it has been in to function by the Russian armed forces.

Also, the other international operators have been using it since 2007. This Russian triumph missile system has been in the news for a couple of days because India has made plans to buy the missile from Russia. These plans of India have attracted many objections. These objections, if not outright condemnation, from the United States.

Don’t you think you should go through the complete article to know the full details not only for examination but also for your benefit? So, let’s start the information to know this aspect better with the key facts for the UPSC notes.

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S-400 Missile System UPSC

The development of this incredible missile system started in the closing years of the cold war in the 1980s. Talking about the complete history, it was first announced by the Russian Army in 1993 but the first successful test was carried out in 1999. The Chief Engineer of this project was Dr. Alexander Lemanskiy of Almaz-Antey.

However, in 2003, the results showed that the system was not ready for deployment, and hence, more new implementations were carried out to make it ready to use. The announcement related to the completion of the project was made in February 2004.

Within two months, in April, a ballistic missile system was finally intercepted. It was done in the test of the upgraded 48N6DM missile. The missile was approved for service and use in 2007 and it has been in use since then. It has given a new approach to the countries. The UPSC aspirants should gather complete details of this wonderful system.

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Characteristics and Key Facts of S-400

Key Facts

#. Many military technology experts described the S-400 as “one of the best air-defence systems currently made” in 2007.

#. The s-400 missile system response is 9-10 seconds and the functions of the system are designed in a way that it can move on roads at 60 km/h (37 mph). Also, the off-road speed is up to 25 km/h (16 mph).

#. The price of the launcher of the system is US$200 million and the components include 48N6DM which is capable of destroying airborne targets up to 250 km.

#. 40N6 can go to larger instances covering up to 400 km. Also, 9M96E can hit the target with accuracy such as fighter aircraft along with 9M96E2 having a direct impact.


The characteristics of the S-400 missile system are given below for your UPSC notes. Have a look below to understand the features.

Max. target speed

4.8 km/s (17,000 km/h; 11,000 mph; Mach 14)

Target detection distance

600 km

The number of simultaneously engaged targets (full system)


The number of simultaneously guided missiles (full system)


Ready for operation on a signal from driving on the march

5 min

Ready for operation on a signal from standby ready and enabled

35 sec

The time between major overhauls (hours)


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Role of India

India and Russia signed an Intergovernmental Agreement on 15 October 2016. This agreement was for the supply of 5 S-400 regiments but the US$5.43 billion deal was formally signed in 2018. India chose this missile because of its accuracy, multi capabilities, and versatility which has overpowered the missiles from the USA.

America tried to threaten India because the S-400 collects electronic data from aircraft it targets and the missiles used by India purchased by the USA can leak the data to Russia through the S-400 missile system.

However, India announced to buy the s-400 missile from Russia despite the threat from the USA. The aspirants should know all these details to answer adequately in the CSE.

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Therefore, we hope that the updates and information about this missile system have been helpful to you. The updates related to the country are extremely important for the UPSC preparation. You should pen down the key facts given in the article to benefit yourself in the examination. You should revise such significant spheres before the exam to answer them correctly.

Also, if you are preparing for the UPSC CSE, you should visit the UPSC Pathshala website for the best guidance and mentorship through multiple articles and high-quality video lectures organized by the experts.

Guidance is the basic need for this examination to let you move on the right track because millions of candidates sit in the exam hall to fulfil their dreams, you can be unique and most suitable by moving in the right direction.

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