UPSC believes in breaking the linguistic barriers and at the same time celebrates India’s inherent diversity. Candidates can choose to give their exams in any of the Indian languages that are part of the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India apart from English. Many candidates choose to give their exams in Hindi. With the net year approaching aspirants have started to prepare for UPSC 2021. The UPSC Prelims Syllabus and UPSC Mains Syllabus 2021 is out now.
UPSC IAS Syllabus for 2021
The syllabus whether it be in whatever language always remains the same. The UPSC question paper provides the questions in both English and Hindi and the students can use whatever medium they wish to utilize. The only difference would be in the syllabus of the compulsory paper and the optional paper if the candidate chooses Hindi Literature as their optional subject.
Hindi Language Paper Syllabus
- Nibandh: Hindi Essay: 2 essays (no choice in the topics) each for 50 marks totalling 100 marks.
- Gadyansh: Reading comprehension: 12 passages each for 5 marks totalling 60 marks.
- Sankshepan: Précis writing: Here you have to condense a piece of prose given, for 60 marks.
- Anuvad: Translation: From English to Hindi (20 marks) and Hindi to English (20 marks) totalling 40 marks.
- 10 marks questions: Muhavare; Shudhi; Paryayavachi; Yugm (totalling 40 marks)
Hindi Literature UPSC Optional Syllabus Paper 1
Section-A: History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi.
- I. Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.
- II. Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during the medieval period.
- III. Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha- Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya, Rahim, etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
- IV. Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during the 19th Century.
- V. Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.
- VI. Development of Hindi as a national Language during the freedom movement.
- VII. The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.
- VIII. Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.
- IX. Prominent dialects of Hindi and their interrelationship.
- X. Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi.
- XI. Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.
Paper 1 Section-B
History of Hindi Literature.
- I. The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.
- II. Literary trends of the following four periods of the history of Hindi Literature.
- Adikal-Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya. Prominent poets-Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.
- Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara. Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.
- Ritikal-Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya. Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.
- Adhunik Kal
- Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.
- Prominent Writers: Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.
- Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry: Chhayavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry, and Janvadi Kavita.
Prominent Poets: Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.
III. Katha Sahitya
- Upanyas & Realism
- The origin and development of Hindi Novels.
- Prominent Novelists: Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu, and Bhism Sahani.
- The origin and development of Hindi short story.
- Prominent short Story Writers: Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Shabti.
- IV. Drama & Theatre
- The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.
- Prominent Dramatists: Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.
- The development of the Hindi Theatre.
- The origin and development of Hindi criticism: Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.
- Prominent critics: Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.
- VI. The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.
Hindi Literature UPSC Optional Syllabus Paper 2
Kabir: Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis.)
- Surdas: Bhramar Gitsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
- Tulsidas: Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand).
- Jayasi: Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
- Bihari: Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
- Maithili: Bharat Bharati Sharan Gupta
- Prasad: Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg)
- Nirala: Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta).
- Dinkar: Kurushetra
- Agyeya: Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina)
- Muktiboth: Brahma Rakshas
- Nagarjun: Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.
Also Read: How to Prepare for Hindi Mains Exam?
Paper 2 Section-B
- Bharatendu: Bharat Durdasha
- Mohan Rakesh: Ashad Ka Ek Din
- Ramchandra Shukla: Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)
- Dr. Satyendra: Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.
- Premchand: Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai/Manjusha – Prem Chand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai.
- Prasad: Skandgupta
- Yashpal: Divya
- Phaniswar Nath Renu: Maila Anchal
- Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
- Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)
Candidates should choose the language that they are most comfortable in as it would help them express and articulate themselves better and work in their favour. Hopefully, this article will give you a clear idea about the Hindi syllabus and make you ready for the upcoming exam. Keep an eye on this page for more informative posts and you can also share your thought with us by commenting in the below box.