UPSC, otherwise called the Union Public Service Commission, is the head enlisting organization for the Government of India that conducts tests for its benefit.

Consistently this association initiates contender for the All India Services, Central Services, and Cadres, just as for the Armed Forces of the Union of India. The Civil Services Examination is one such assessment led by the UPSC consistently. It is a cross country serious assessment in India that is directed for enlistment to different Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service. These assessments are additionally alluded to as UPSC.

Also Read: Which Is The Best Online Coaching For UPSC? A Comparative Study to Help You Make the Right Choice

The Civil Services Examination

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a cross country serious assessment in India. This assessment is led by the Union Public Service Commission for enrollment to different Civil Services of the Government of India. These could be different administrations like the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service.

This assessment is likewise alluded to as the UPSC assessment and is directed each year by the Government of India so they could pick various applicants who are reasonable for serving the country. These papers are directed in three stages – a starter assessment comprising of two objective-type papers (General Studies Papers I and General Studies Papers II which is additionally prevalently known as the Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and the principle assessment that comprises of nine tests or regular sort.

Thus, this was about UPSC. Presently, we should continue further to think about the UPSC assessment that will be held for this present year.

Also Read: Common Mistakes by UPSC Aspirants and How it should be Avoided?

UPSC Preparation

There are 5 simple strides, regardless, your groundwork for this test. These are:

#1. Know the Exam Well 

Before you begin getting ready for any test, it is critical to acclimate yourself with the course of the test. Peruse the warning of this test and go through it cautiously to familiarize yourself with the whole prospectus, the test example, timetable, and qualification standards. Whenever you’ve done that, have a go at getting some earlier year question papers to skim them to have a comprehension of what is really there in the assessment. This will help you save a ton of time which you would have squandered something else. Presently, start with your readiness.

#2. Strengthen Your Foundation 

Regardless of what test you’re reading for, understanding the fundamentals of the test is critical for you to break it. Along these lines, before you get some other book for the arrangement, how about we simply start with perusing NCERTs; they can be effectively downloaded from the authority webpage for nothing. Since you have it, what are you hanging tight for? Peruse them in any event twice prior to making notes and afterwards read from the NCERT gatherings.

Some More Steps Involved in the UPSC Preparation

#3. Upgrade Your Knowledge

Whenever you are finished with reading all the NCERT Books, it’s an ideal opportunity to grow your insight by perusing those standard books implied for this test. Peruse these books at any rate twice or perhaps threefold for your readiness and set up some transcribed notes yourself that can be utilized later for the appropriate response composing practice at the later stage! Also, remember to observe some youtube recordings as they will assist you with getting a handle on all the data effectively yet so skilfully.

#4. Writing alongside Revision

Whenever you’re finished with perusing and gaining from the NCERT books and the standard ones; begin rehearsing answer-composing. Prior to perusing the books, it’ll be hard for you to begin with your groundwork for answer-composing. Yet, at this stage, it is simply going to help you increase more in your test. Presently, it’s additionally the ideal opportunity for amendment, so keep your ends of the week free for your arrangement and correction. Also, update – REVISE! Reconsider! Reconsider! A LOT!

#5. Mock-Tests

Only two months before your fundamental assessments, lock in your belt and take out a portion of the counterfeit test papers for astounding planning. Take out some time from your timetable; sit in a room where there is nobody to upset you or converse with you and envision that it’s your last assessment. Presently take out that fake test paper or the example paper that you took out from the web. Set a period limit that ought to be the very same that you’ll be given in your test and start with the test. Whenever you’re finished with the assessment, match the appropriate responses and look at the parts where you’re missing and begin rehearsing more on it.

Also Read: IPS Lakshay Pandey: Check Out His Biography, Wiki, Strategy, UPSC Rank & More

Philosophy Syllabus for UPSC

Philosophy Optional Syllabus for Civil Services Mains Exam UPSC

The optional subject in UPSC Syllabus consists of 2 papers. Each paper is 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks.

Paper – I – History and Problems of Philosophy

#1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality

#2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom

#3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.

#4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God

#5.Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism

#6.Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.

#7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.

Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language

#8. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.

Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the-world and Temporality.

#9. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.

#10. Cârvâka: Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.

The Next Part

#11. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaòginaya; Bondage and Liberation.

Schools of Buddhism: Pratîtyasamutpâda; Ksanikavada, Nairâtmyavâda.

#12. Nyâya- Vaiúesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramâna; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.

#13. Sâmkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation.

#14. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.

#15. Mimâmsâ: Theory of Knowledge.

Schools of Vedânta: Brahman; Îúvara; Âtman; Jiva; Jagat; Mâyâ; Avidyâ; Adhyâsa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda

#16. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

Paper-II – Socio-Political Philosophy

#1. Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.

#2. Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.

Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability.

#3. Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.

#4. Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism.

Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.

Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.

Development and Social Progress.

#5. Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowerment

#6. Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion

#1. Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).

Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).

The Problem of Evil.

#2. Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.

Reason, Revelation, and Faith.

#3. Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).

Religion without God.

Religion and Morality.

Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.

#4. Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Noncognitive.


After such an excess of perusing, you would know about the dates and the wide range of various data in regards to the assessment. Likewise, alongside that, you had the opportunity to gain proficiency for certain astounding approaches to begin planning for your CSE papers. All in all, what are you sitting tight for?

Fix your safety belts and get on a ride for scoring the best stamps in this endeavour. Try not to be negative about yourself; you’re doing astonishingly. Also, precisely what you’re needed to do yet on the off chance that you feel there’s something missing; improve it in light of the fact that there’s consistently opportunity to get better!

We wish you “All the absolute best!” for your assessment.

Ideally, you have discovered this data valuable and on the off chance that you have any questions or any inquiries, don’t hesitate to flood the remarks segment with every one of them since we’re generally prepared to take care of you.

Additionally, remember to look at our different articles.

Content Protection by
Philosophy Syllabus for UPSC: A Guide to Understand this Optional Subject Better
Article Name
Philosophy Syllabus for UPSC: A Guide to Understand this Optional Subject Better
Are you preparing for the UPSC examinations this year? Don't worry, we got your back! From the Philosophy optional syllabus to the preparation strategy, here is all you need.
Publisher Name
UPSC Pathshala
Publisher Logo

About the Author

Sakshi Bachani

Sakshi Bachani is a freelance Content Writer and Teacher. She has completed her Bachelor's degree from Delhi University.. She has been a freelance teacher for the past five years and has worked towards helping young kids achieve their dreams. She had also worked as an Intern teacher with an NGO. Apart from writing and teaching, she really enjoys music, animals, and plants. She even has her own little garden which she loves very dearly and can be sometimes seen buying more plants for herself.

View All Articles