Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, which is formerly known as the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana, is a maternity program which is run by the Indian administration. This program was launched in 2010 and then renamed in 2017. The scheme was proposed and implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Put forward by our honourable minister PM Narendra Modi, for the improvement of health and nutrition in women and children who cannot afford it. This article will give you all the information about the yojana and will help you understand the information so that you can easily tackle questions in the UPSC examination. Get a better idea by reading the whole article and these notes are helpful also for your revision.

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What is PM Matru Vanadna Yojana?

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is in charge of implementing the programme. It is a conditional cash transfer programme for pregnant and lactating mothers aged 19 or older who give birth to their first child.

It compensates women for lost wages due to childbirth and childcare, as well as creating circumstances for safe delivery and healthy nutrition and feeding practices.

The scheme was established in 2013 under the National Food Security Act, 2013 to implement the Act’s provision of a cash maternity benefit of $6,000 (US$84).

The concept is now being implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts, with plans to expand it to 200 additional “high load districts” in 2015–16.

The qualified recipients would receive the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) incentive for institutional delivery, and the JSY incentive would be applied to maternity benefits, such that on average, a woman would receive 6,000 (US$84) in maternity benefits.

About The Program: UPSC Notes

The objectives of the program are listed below.

#During pregnancy, delivery, and lactation, promoting proper practise, care, and institutional service utilisation

#Encourage women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding practises, such as early and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months

#Offers economic incentives to pregnant and lactating moms who improve their health and nutrition.

#The IGMSY also helps with financial assistance and grants-in-aid provisions to all the state administrations.

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Points to be Noted: UPSC Preparation Notes

#At least 49% of all mothers who would have given birth to their first child were not reached by the programme (an estimated total of 123 lakh for 2017 according to the researchers).

#Given the criteria, the scheme covers 23% of all births and provides full benefits to only 14% of all births, which totalled 270.5 lakh in 2017.

#Only 66% of pregnant women and 69% of nursing mothers were aware of the scheme.

#Only 8% of pregnant women and 23% of nursing moms were eligible for assistance.

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Some Important Points for UPSC Notes Preparation

The cabinet on 18th June 2017 approved the launch of the maternity benefits programme (MBP), a system that would likely exclude the vast majority of women in the country, over six months after the prime minister announced maternity benefits of Rs 6,000 to pregnant and lactating moms.

Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers would receive Rs 6,000 under the scheme, with Rs 5,000 distributed in three payments if specific prerequisites such as completion of pregnancy and birth registration, antenatal care, and immunisation are completed. The programme is likewise limited to only the first live birth.

Case of Miscarriage/ Still Birth

The beneficiary or the concerned person will only receive the benefits of the service once, only for their first child.

In the event of a miscarriage or stillbirth, the beneficiary is entitled to the remaining instalment(s) in the event of a subsequent pregnancy.

Case of Infant Mortality

The beneficiary or the concerned person will only receive the benefits of the service once, only for their first child.

That is, if she has already received all of the instalments of the maternity benefit under PMMVY, she will not be able to claim payments under the system in the event of infant mortality.

Pregnant and lactating ASHAs/ AWWs/ AWHs may also benefit from the PMMVY if they meet the service’s requirements.

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Other Schemes Which Focus on Women Health and Nutrition

#ICDS or Integrated Child Development Services: This is the scheme where they specifically focus on vulnerable groups which have women and children under the age of 6 years.

This service is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

#Kudumbashree in Kerala: The service was launched in 1998 which had the aim to wipe out poverty through community action. This project is the largest women empowering act in India. The service has three parts: empowerment, microcredit and entrepreneurship.

Some More Schemes

#Poshan Abhiyaan: This act was launched in 2018 and the aim of this Abhiyaan was to improve the nourishment and nutritional level in pregnant women, lactating mothers and children under the age of 6.

#IGMSY or Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojna: This Yojna provides a better enabling society and environment in the form of money and cash incentives which are for improving nutrition and health in lactating and pregnant women. This act is being implemented and took forward by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Present Status

#Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Dadra & Nagar Haveli are the leading five States/UT in the nation in the undertaking PMMVY.

#Telangana and Odisha are however to begin commission of the system.


Hopefully, this article provided you with all the important points and notes that are covered in this yojna. The above topic is a very important topic in Polity and while reading one should always jot down the smallest information from this so that it can help in your revision notes.

Aspirants need to know that while preparing one needs to look up key points, write them in the way they understand and then again refine them to make revision notes. Note that there will be many notes and much information available online, but, using it totally is in your hands.

All the best for the examination!

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